Chemical characteristics and phytotoxicity of root exudates from cover crops

Autores

  • Maicon Reginatto Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1501-2202
  • Lisandro Tomas da Silva Bonome
  • Leonardo Khaôe Giovanetti
  • Henrique von Hertwig Bittencourt
  • Luciano Tormen

Palavras-chave:

Agroecologia, Agricultura orgânica, Alelopatia, Milho.

Resumo

During the growth and development of the root system, plants release compounds capable of interfering with the germination and development of other plants. This work aimed to evaluate the influence of root exudates from cover crops: Raphanus sativus L., Avena strigosa (Schreb) and Vicia villosa L. on the germination and development of Zea mays L., Amaranthus spinosus L. and Ipomoea grandifolia (Dammer) O 'Donell. The tests performed were germination rate, vigor, root protrusion and dry matter. The turnip stimulated the maize, inhibited the germination, vigor and growth of the amaranth and the morning glory. Oats negatively affected maize, amaranth and morning glory. Vetch impaired the development of maize and amaranth, increasing the root protrusion of the morning glory. The germination and growth of maize and weeds may have been affected by the presence of amino acids present in the exudate.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

Altieri, M.A., Lana, M.A., Bittencourt, H.V.H., Kieling, A.S., Comin, J.J. & Lovato, P.E. 2011. Enhancing Crop Productivity via Weed Suppression in Organic No-Till Cropping Systems in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, vol. 35, p. 855-869.

Association of Official Seed Analysts – AOSA. 2009. Seed vigour testing handbook. East Lansing: AOSA, 334 p. (Contribution, 32).

Blum, U. 2004. Fate of phenolic Allelochemicals in soils – the Role of soil and Rhizosphere Microorganisms. In Allelopathy chemistry and mode of action of allelochemicals (Macías. F. A., Galindo, J. C.G., Molinillo, J. M.G. & Cutler, H. G.) CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, Florida.

Bortolini, M. F. & Fortes, A. M. T. 2005. Efeitos alelopáticos sobre a germinação de sementes de soja (Glycine max L. Merrill). Semina: Ciências Agrárias, v. 26, n. 1, p. 5-10.

Bright, S., Wood, E. A. & Miflin, B. J. 1978. The effect of aspartate derived amino acids (lysine, threonine, methionine) on the growth of excised embryos of wheat and barley. Planta, v.139, p. 113–117.

Brasil, MAPA. 2009. Regras para Analise de Sementes. Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento. Secretaria de Defesa Agropecuária, - Brasília : Mapa/ACS.

Bruno, C. L. S., Costa, L. H. M., Montalli, M. H., Carvalho, J. P. & Silva, R. A. 2017. Plantas de cobertura no Sistema Plantio Direto. Revista Conexão Eletrônica, Vol. 14, N. 1, Três Lagoas – MS.

Dias, F. S. 2010. Determinação de compostos fenólicos em vinhos e caracterização de vinhos elaborados na região do Vale do São Francisco Pernambuco. Tese (Doutorado) – Universidade Federal da Bahia, Bahia.

Duke, S. O. & Oliva, A. 2004. Mode of action of Phytotoxic Terpenoids. In Allelopathy chemistry and mode of action of allelochemicals (Macías. F. A., Galindo, J. C.G., Molinillo, J. M.G., & Cutler, H. G.) CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, Florida.

Einhellig, F. A. 2004. Mode of Allelochemical Action of Phenolic Compounds. In Allelopathy chemistry and mode of action of allelochemicals (Macías. F. A., Galindo, J. C.G., Molinillo, J. M.G., & Cutler, H. G.) CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, Florida.

Einhellig, F. A. 1986. Mechanisms and modes of action of allelochemicals. In The Science of Allelopathy (Putnam, A.R. & Tang, C.S. eds.). New York, EUA: John Wiley & Sons, P. 171-188.

Fernández-Aparicio, M., Bernard, A., Falchetto, L., Marget, P., Chauvel, B., Steinberg, C., Morris, C. E., Gibot-Leclerc, S., Boari, A., Vurro, M., Bohan, D. A., Sands, D. C. & Reboud, X. 2017. Investigation of amino acids na herbicides for controlo f Orobanche minor parasitismo in red clover. Frontiers in Plant Science, v.8, article 842.

Fernández-Aparicio, M., Cimmino, A., Evidente, A. & Rubiales, D. 2013. Inhibition of Orobanche crenata seed germination and radicle growth by allelochemicals identified in cereals. Journal of Agricural and Food Chemistry, v. 61, n. 41, 9797–9803.

Ferreira, A. G. & Aquila, M. E. A. 2000. Alellopathy : an Emerging Topic in Ecophysiology. Revista Brasileira de Fisiologia Vegetal, v. 12, n. Vii, p. 175–204.

Ferreira, D. F. 2014. Sisvar: a Guide for its Bootstrap procedures in multiple comparisons. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. vol.38, n.2 [citado 2015-10-17], pp. 109-112. Disponível em: ISSN 1413-7054. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542014000200001.

Fontanetti, A., Carvalho, G.J. de, Morais, A.R., Almeida, K. de, & Duarte, W.F. 2004. Adubação verde no controle de plantas invasoras nas culturas de alface americana e de repolho. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, Lavras, v. 28, n. 5, p. 967-973.

Gomes, D. S., Bevilaqua, N. C., Silva, F. B. & Monquero, P. A. 2014. Supressão de plantas espontâneas pelo uso de cobertura vegetal de crotalária e sorgo. Revista Brasileira de Agroecologia. 9(2): 206-213.

Gomes Jr., F.G. & Christoffoleti, P.J. 2008. Biologia e manejo de plantas daninhas em áreas de plantio direto. Planta daninha [online], vol.26, n.4, pp.789-798. ISSN 0100-8358.

Inderjit. 1996. Plant phenolics in allelopathy. The Botanical Review, v. 62, n. 2, p. 186–202.

Jefferson, L. V. & Pennacchio, M. 2003. Allelopathic effects of foliage extracts from four Chenopodiaceae species on seed germination. Journal of Arid Environments 55, 275–285.

Esuffleur, F., Paynel, F., Bataillé, M., Le Deunff, E. & Cliquet, J. B. 2007. Root amino acid exudation: measurement of high efflux rates of glycine and serine from six different plant species. Plant Soil, v. 294, n1-2, p. 235-246.

Li, Z. H., Wang, Q., Ruan, X., Pan, C. & Jiang, D.A. 2010. Phenolics and Palnt Allelopathy. Molecules, 15, 8933-8952; doi:10.3390/molecules15128933.

Maguire, J.D. 1962. Speed of germination-aid selection and avaluation for seedling emergence and vigor. Crop Sci. V.2, p. 176-7.

Oerke, E. C. 2006. Crop losses to pests. Journal of Agricicultural Science, v. 144, n.01, p. 31-43.

Olivera-Bastidas, A. J., Macias, F. A., Fernandez, C. C., Marin, D. & Molinillo, J. M. G. 2009. Exudados de la raiz y su relevancia actual em las interacciones alelopáticas. Química Nova, Vol. 32, No. 1, 198-213.

Putnam, A. R. 1987. Weed allelopathy. In Weed Physiology (Duke, S.O. ed.) Boca Raton, EUA: CRC Press, P. 131-155.

Pires, N. M. & Oliveira, V. R. 2011. Alelopatia. In Biologia e manejo de plantas daninhas (Oliveira Júnior, R. S.; Constantin, J. & Inque, M. H.). Curitiba, PR: Omnipax, 348p.

Rice, E.L. 1984. Allelopathy. 2.ed. New York: Academic, 422p.

Saraiva, T. S. 2010. Investigação de efeitos alelopáticos de espécies do gênero Arachis. 69 p. Dissertação (Mestrado) – Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas, UNESP, Botucatu, SP.

Taiz, L. & Zeiger, E. 2017. Fisiologia e Desenvolvimento Vegetal. 6 ed. – Porto Alegre: Artmed.

Trezzi, M.M., Vidal, R.A., Balbinot-Junior, A.A., Bittencourt, H.V.H. & Souza-Filho, A.P.S. 2016. Allelopathy: driving mechanisms governing its activity in agriculture. Journal of Plant Interactions, vol. 1, p. 1-20.

Wu, H., Haig, T., Pratley, J., Lemerle, D. & An, M. 2001. Allelochemicals in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.): Production and exudation of 2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4- benzoxazin-3-one. Journal of Chemical Ecology vol. 27, n. 8 . p. 1691–1700.

Vurro, M., Boari, A., Pilgeram, A. L. & Sands, D. C. 2006. Exogenous amino acids inhibit seed germination and tubercle formation by Orobanche ramosa (broomrape): potential application for management of parasitic weeds. Biological Control, v. 36, n. 2, p. 258–265.

Yu, J. Q. & Matsui, Y. 1997. Effects of root exudates of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) and allelochemicals on ion uptake by cucumber seedlings. Journal of Chemical Ecology, vol, 23, p.817-827.

Publicado

2022-04-18

Como Citar

Reginatto, M., da Silva Bonome, L. T., Giovanetti, L. K., Bittencourt, H. von H., & Tormen, L. (2022). Chemical characteristics and phytotoxicity of root exudates from cover crops. Iheringia, Série Botânica., 77. Recuperado de https://isb.emnuvens.com.br/iheringia/article/view/957

Edição

Seção

Artigos