Ecologia de angiospermas marinhas brasileiras: o conhecimento atual é suficiente para tomar decisões sobre mitigação dos efeitos de mudança climática?

Kcrishna Vilanova de Souza Barros, Cristina de Almeida Rocha-Barreira, Karine Matos Magalhães

Resumo


O objetivo deste estudo foi sintetizar informações publicadas acerca das infl uências ambientais sobre angiospermas marinhas brasileiras e lacunas de pesquisa, especialmente considerando o contexto das mudanças climáticas globais. Oitenta e um artigos foram publicados até junho de 2013, mas apenas dois artigos foram relacionados a mudanças climáticas globais, em esforços conjuntos entre instituições nacionais e internacionais. Tais estudos apontaram as mudanças climáticas como prováveis causas de perda de área de angiospermas em algumas áreas no nordeste do Brasil. Além disso, a dispersão da espécie Halodule wrightii Ascherson para a região subtropical brasileira também pode ter sido causada por este fenômeno. Embora existam dados disponíveis sobre interações ambientais de H. wrightii e Ruppia maritima, este conhecimento ainda é incipiente. De um modo geral, o conhecimento sobre angiospermas marinhas na costa brasileira necessita ser aprofundado não apenas sobre a ecologia das espécies, mas também dentro do âmbito das mudanças climáticas.


Palavras-chave


Brasil, distribuição, ecologia, Halodule wrightii, revisão

Texto completo:

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Referências


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